Migraines are not curable, but some amount of precaution and preparedness can always bring it under control.
If you know the things that trigger an attack, you can do your best to avoid them. For this you can maintain a migraine diary to help identify the trigger.
Some people who experience migraine begin to feel unwell up to a day or so before. The strange sensations that are sometimes felt before a migraine are known as prodrome and may include:
- A change in mood
- Food cravings
These warning signs are difficult to identify, but if you have a migraine diary, you can see patterns, or you can ask your friends family whether they noticed any changes.
Certain medications can also help in preventing a migraine attack. Some of these are beta-blockers, amitriptyline (an antidepressant), anticonvulsants, anti-migraine medicines, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (antidepressants) and verapamil. These medicines are only prescribed when other treatments have failed. You should also remember that all these medications aren’t for everyone, therefore consulting your doctor before you take any of these is a must.
Apart from these medications and maintaining a migraine diary, you should also aim to keep your life stress-free. Include physical activity in your daily schedule, learn to relax and face your problems and ensure that you get a good night’s sleep to tackle stress and small headaches. Always keep a watch on your headaches; if they appear to be disrupting your life greatly, consult your doctor. Staying aware of your health and taking all the necessary precautions keep you fit and fine.